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Vitamins and minerals are vital nutrients needed for hundreds of roles in the body. Vitamins are divided into fat-soluble and water-soluble.
Fat-soluble vitamins enter the blood via the lymph vessels in the intestinal wall, and many travel through via proteins which act as carriers. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the liver and fat tissues and released when they are needed. As such, it is possible to go a while without them and not feel the impacts of deficiency, as your body has stores that are still being released. Fat-soluble vitamins include Vitamin A, D, E and K.
They help to:
Unlike fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins are located in the watery parts of the food you ingest. They are absorbed directly into the bloodstream during digestion, and many circulate easily around the body since our body is made up of lots of water.
Water-soluble vitamins are regulated constantly by the kidneys and excreted in urine if there is too much, so it is vital to have these vitamins regularly as part of your diet. Having said this, there is a significant supply of B12 in our liver that doesn’t need replenished every day. Water-soluble vitamins include Vitamin B and C.
They help to:
It is important for both fat-soluble and water-soluble that too much isn’t ingested. Toxic levels can build up when fat-soluble vitamins are stored for a while and high doses of Vitamin B6 can damage nerves, which cause numbness and muscle weakness.
Without vitamins, it would be difficult for some vital minerals to be absorbed into the body.
For information on minerals, scroll to the bottom of the page. Below is our thoughtfully-sourced range of vitamin and mineral supplements.